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Advantages of Using Steel for Building and Structural Engineering

Among the myriads of materials used for building and structural construction, steel stands out as the most preferred metal by most engineers and contractors. Not only is steel strong and durable, but it can also be molded into various forms and still maintain its structural integrity. This post will highlight some of the advantages of using steel for building and structural construction.

Why Do Engineers Choose Steel over Other Materials

Steel is mostly the metal of choice for most professionals in the construction industry because of its overwhelming benefits. The metal comes in stacks of cold rolled steel sheets from the factories, then formed into various structural parts for construction projects. It is also the most recycled material on the planet, with manufacturers recycling about 90% of steel. Most engineers use steel in concert with other metals and materials to get the best use out of the metal.

Benefits of Steel for Buildings and Structures

As mentioned earlier, steel is extremely beneficial for building structures for a lot of reasons. Here are some benefits of using steel for engineering purposes.

1. Durability

From being a cold rolled steel sheet, to a beam spanning fifty meters or more, steel always retains its strength for a long time, even when heavily loaded. Steel also has a higher strength to weight ratio than other metals, which makes them a lighter and stronger alternative, especially for highrise structures that require high tensile strength.

2. Steel is Cost-Effective

Getting steel directly from a steel supplier won’t necessarily dent your bank account. There are also policies and standards put in place for the fabrication of steel equipment and parts that make them easy to install and erect. This efficiency saves a lot of time and money, especially for huge projects.

Steel suppliers and sheet piling companies have also announced steady drops in cold rolled steel sheet prices, which is always good news for most contractors.

3. Safety of the Building and Structures

Steel in itself is a non-combustible material, meaning it cannot catch fire. Building regulations, however, stipulate that contractors coat their steel structure with fire-resistant coatings to prevent expansion that may compromise the strength of steel during a fire. If you add a water-resistant coating to the mix, the steel structure remains free from corroding making it even more structurally stable and safe.

What’s more, steel is non-porous and thus inhibits the growth of mold and mildew, which are a menace to many households. Fabricating engineering components from a cold rolled steel sheet and assembling them is also a relatively easy and safe process that is mostly free from chemical exposure and is hence safer for workers.

4. Constructability

Steel is highly malleable and ductile, making it easy for fabricators to form steel sheet piles into various shapes and forms for structural use. It has incredible engineering properties that make it ideal for buildings and structures like bridges alike.

Unlike concrete, you don’t have to wait for curing to proceed with the construction. Steel can be welded, jointed or bolted in place as soon as the parts arrive on site, and still be as effective as concrete. Steel is also preferred by architects because of its degrees of freedom and its efficient stress distribution across beams, allowing for more flexible and innovative designs.

5. Can Be Hybridized

Most contractors use steel in conjunction with other materials to increase the overall strength of the structure for aesthetic purposes. This feature makes steel a great option for homeowner’s who would like the strength and durability of steel but would not want to compromise the aesthetics of wood, for instance.

Steel confers a myriad of benefits that make it a great material for structural construction and is a preferred choice for most contractors and engineers. Steel is mostly available in cold rolled steel sheet form, which is then fabricated into various forms for construction. If you’re looking to erect a new building or structure, you now know what metal to settle for.

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